The ignorance of the letters of Paul on the part of the author of Luke-Acts actually speaks for a date before ca.
100, after which these letters were collected, published, and canonized.
When he met us in Assos, we took him aboard and went on to Mitylene.We sailed away from there on the next day and reached a point of Chios, and a day later we reached Samos, and on the following day we arrived at Miletus.200 CE), proclaims that it is the euangelion kata Loukan, the Gospel according to Luke. Marcionem 4.2.2), nor Clement of Alexandria (Paedagogus 2.1.15 and Stromata 5.12.82), who also ascribe the third Gospel to one called Luke.This attestation probably does not stem from reading Irenaeus (Adv. Indeed, considering that the immediate recipient of Luke is mentioned in the preface, and given that the author of the third Gospel is aware that many other accounts have been drawn up before him, it is entirely probable that the author had indicated his name on the autograph.The first question that confronts one when examining Luke and Acts is whether they were written by the same person, as indicated in the prefaces.
With the agreement of nearly all scholars, Udo Schnelle writes, "the extensive linguistic and theological agreements and cross-references between the Gospel of Luke and the Acts indicate that both works derive from the same author" (The History and Theology of the New Testament Writings, p. This implies the implausibility of the hypothesis of such as John Knox that Marcion knew only Luke, not Acts, and that Acts was an anti-Marcionite production of the mid second century.
The next higher critical question is, if Luke and Acts were written by the same person, who was that person?
The oldest manuscript with the start of the gospel, Papyrus Bodmer XIV (ca.
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(The "most excellent Theophilus" mentioned in the preface of Luke is most likely his patron, as seen in the similar references to "most excellent X" in the prefaces to the De libris propriis liber of Galenus, the De antiquis oratoribus of Dionysius Halicarnassensis, the Scriptor De Divinatione of Melampus, the Peri ton kata antipatheian kai sumpatheian of Nepualius, and both Josephi vita and Contra Apionem of Josephus.) This Luke has traditionally been identified as the one named in Philemon 24 as a co-worker of Paul.