Luther's sudden and unexpected entrance into the Augustinian monastery at Erfurt occurred 17 July, 1505.
In his fourteenth year (1497) he entered a school at Magdeburg, where, in the words of his first biographer, like many children "of honourable and well-to-do parents, he sang and begged for bread -- panem propter Deum " (Mathesius, op. In 1502 he received the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy, being the thirteenth among fifty-seven candidates.
On Epiphany (6 January, 1505), he was advanced to the master's degree, being second among seventeen applicants.
Leader of the great religious revolt of the sixteenth century in Germany ; born at Eisleben, 10 November, 1483; died at Eisleben, 18 February, 1546.
His father, Hans, was a miner, a rugged, stern, irascible character.
Thus the alleged custom by which he was forced to change his baptismal name Martin into the monastic name Augustine, a proceeding he denounces as "wicked" and "sacrilegious", certainly had no existence in the Augustinian Order. At this very time Biblical studies were in a flourishing condition at the university, so that its historian states that "it is astonishing to meet such a great number of Biblical commentaries, which force us to conclude that theres an active study of Holy Writ " (Kampschulte, , I, 22).
His accidental discovery in the Erfurt monastery library of the Bible , "a book he had never seen in his life" (Mathesius, op. Protestant writers of repute have abandoned this legend altogether.In the opinion of many of his biographers, it was an expression of uncontrolled rage, an evident congenital inheritance transmitted to his oldest son, that compelled him to flee from Mohra, the family seat, to escape the penalty or odium of homicide.This, though first charged by Wicelius, a convert from Lutheranism, has found admission into Protestant history and tradition.He himself alleges, as above stated, that the brutality of his home and school life drove him into the monastery.Hausrath, his latest biographer and one of the most scholarly Luther specialists, unreservedly inclines to this belief.The "house at Mansfeld rather repelled than attracted him" (Beard, "Martin Luther and the Germ.