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At the other end of the educational spectrum, 29 percent of immigrants lacked a high school diploma or General Educational Development (GED) certificate, compared to 9 percent of their U. Between 20, the five states with the largest absolute growth of the immigrant population were California and Texas (1.8 million each), Florida (1.4 million), New York (662,000), and New Jersey (501,000).Between 19, the five states with the largest percent growth* of the immigrant population were North Carolina (274 percent), Georgia (233 percent), Nevada (202 percent), Arkansas (196 percent), and Utah (171 percent).

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El Salvador, Vietnam, and Cuba (about 3 percent each), as well as the Dominican Republic, Korea, and Guatemala (2 percent each), rounded out the top ten. The predominance of Latin American and Asian immigration in the late 20th and early 21st centuries starkly contrasts with the trend in 1960 when immigrants largely originated from Europe.

Together, immigrants from these ten countries represented 58 percent of the U. In the 1960s no single country accounted for more than 15 percent of the total immigrant population.

Threaded throughout the history of the United States, immigration has taken on greater prominence in political and policy conversations amid debate over possible reforms to the immigration system, border and national security, and the U. role in resettling refugees at a time of record global displacement. residents are either immigrants or children of immigrants?

Questions about the current and historical pace of immigration, the role of immigrants in the labor market, illegal immigration, humanitarian admission policies, and enforcement practices are often raised. The article draws on resources from the Migration Policy Institute (MPI); the U. Census Bureau's 2015 American Community Survey (ACS), 2016 Current Population Survey (CPS), and 2000 decennial census; the U. Departments of Homeland Security (DHS) and State; and Mexico's National Population Council (CONAPO) and National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI). immigrant population stood at more than 43.3 million, or 13.5 percent, of the total U. population of 321.4 million in 2015, according to American Community Survey (ACS) data. Immigrant Population and Share over Time, 1850-Present tool in MPI’s Data Hub to see fluctuations over time.

To view the top ten source countries by decade from 1960 to 2015, check out the Largest U. Immigrant Groups over Time, 1960-Present interactive tool.

To see immigration trends from individual countries over time, use this MPI Data Hub tool.

Hispanic and Latino are ethnic, not racial, categories. What is the age distribution of the immigrant population? The remaining 52 percent (22.6 million) included lawful permanent residents, unauthorized immigrants, and legal residents on temporary visas (such as students and temporary workers).

They include individuals who classified themselves in one of the specific Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino categories listed on the Census 2000 questionnaire—"Mexican, Mexican Am., Chicano," "Puerto Rican," or "Cuban"—as well as those who indicate that they are "other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino." Persons who indicated that they are "other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino" include those whose origins are from Spain, the Spanish-speaking countries of Central or South America, the Dominican Republic, or people who self-identify more generally as Spanish, Spanish-American, Hispanic, Hispano, Latino, and so on. Overall, the immigrant population in 2015 was older than the U. In 2015, around 48 percent of immigrants (20.7 million) were naturalized U. Of the 21 million naturalized citizens, 22 percent naturalized since 2010, 33 percent between 20, and 45 percent prior to 2000. The remaining 21 percent (64.7 million) reported speaking a language other than English at home.

By compiling some of the most frequently requested facts and figures on U. immigration, this article provides answers to questions such as: How many people immigrated to the United States last year? Has the number of unauthorized immigrants changed in recent years? S.-born children now number approximately 84.3 million people, or 27 percent of the overall U. India was the leading country of origin for recent immigrants, with 179,800 arriving in 2015, followed by 143,200 from China, 139,400 from Mexico, 47,500 from the Philippines, and 46,800 from Canada.

How many entered as refugees, and from which countries? In 2013, India and China overtook Mexico as the top origin countries for recent arrivals.

Italians were the top immigrant-origin group, making up 13 percent of the foreign-born population in 1960, followed by Germans and Canadians (about 10 percent each).