It was once the capital of its own independent republic, and still boasts some of the best preserved Zuid Afrikaanse and old Transvaal architecture in the country.
Scientists are researching a possible re-dating of when life on earth first occurred.This could possibly be one billion years earlier than estimated.The Lydenburg heads are one of the earliest known forms of African sculpture in Southern Africa and are dated at between AD500 and AD800.There are seven hollow terracotta sculptures which are named after the site at which they were discovered in the late 1950s.The small and beautiful "Makhonjwa Mountain Range"close to Barberton, where gold and asbestos deposits occur, stretches from Jeppe’s Reef to Oshoek and from Shiyalongubo Dam to Queen’s river.
It is known world wide in geological circles as a treasure house of other significant geological phenomenae.
The periods can roughly be divided as follows:- Early Archaean 3.9 - 3.3.
billion years ago; Mid Archaean 3.3 - 2.9 billion years ago; Late Archaean 2.9 - 2.5 billion years ago.
Tidal traces billions of years old are so precisely recorded they allow for calculation of changes in the distance between the earth and the moon.
The Barberton Mountainlands is the only place on earth where the development of the early earth crust and evolution of life itself can be studied.
Its beauty and accessibility makes it a natural destination for tourism where visitors from southern Africa and overseas can enjoy an inspirational and educational experience.